Founded in 1400 BCE, the Luxor Temple was a site of ancient rites to the gods Amun, Chons and Mut. Egypt tours without a stop here are incomplete!
 
Many Fascinating Aspects
 
Located in Luxor, Egypt this temple of Luxor has many fascinating aspects and features that continue to attract multitudes of people. The temple of Luxor, some 260 m (850 ft) long today, was built by Amenophis III on the foundations of a previous religious structure, dating from the time of Queen Hatshepsut.
 
The Luxor Temple Colonnades
 
One of the glories of the ancient Egyptian temple of Luxor is a majestic colonnade dating to the reign of Amenophis III, with 14 columns with papyrus-shaped capitals standing 18 m (60 ft) tall, and almost 10 m (33 ft) in circumference. The colonnade is enclosed on both sides by a masonry curtain wall, with reliefs depicting various phases of the Festival of Opet, completed and decorated during the reigns of Tutankhamun and Horemheb.
 
A magnificent courtyard follows; it is lined with a double row of columns, and bordered to the south by the hypostyle hall, which itself contains 32 gigantic columns. From here, the visitor passes on to the inner section of the attraction where there is a series of four antechambers and ancillary rooms, as well as the Sanctuary of the Sacred Barque, situated in the innermost room. The chapel was rebuilt by Alexander the Great.
 
The ceremonies that took place in the Luxor temple were of great importance, and their religious symbolism complex. During the Festival of Opet, the feast of the royal jubilee, the divine rebirth of the pharaoh, son of Amun, was celebrated, reaffirming in this way his power.
 
The ancient Egyptian temple of Luxor also served as a shrine for the worship of the divine and immortal portion of the pharaoh, the royal "ka", symbol of the legitimacy of the pharaoh's power, which was universal and not restricted to any individual pharaoh.
 
In terms of purity of structural design and the elegance of its columns, the temple is one of the most remarkable architectural achievements of the New Kingdom.
 
Courtyard of Ramsees II
 
The courtyard of Ramses II, is surrounded by a peristyle of 74 papyrus columns arranged in a double row and adorned with 16 statues of the pharaoh, and incorporates a three-part chapel on the northern side, also dedicated to the Theban triad and dating to Hatshepsut's reign.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
The Obelisks
 
Also dating to the reign of Ramses II are two large obelisks that once stood before the first pylon (a word derived from the Greek meaning 'gateway') and which were given to France by the ruler of Egypt, Mohammad Ali, in 1819.
 
The western obelisk in the Luxor temple, more than 21 m (70 ft) tall and weighing 210 tons, was removed by the French in 1836 and erected in Paris in the Place de la Concorde. All claims to ownership over the second obelisk, which remained in its position in Egypt, were renounced by France in 1980.
 
 
The Abu El Haggag Mosque
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
On the eastern side of the Luxor Temple Ramses II courtyard a Byzantine church was built in the sixth century AD, and on top of that, during the reign of the Ayyubid sultans (thirteenth century AD), the mosque of Abu El-Haggag was built. The Abu El Haggag Mosque is still in use today as a place of prayer.
 

 

At Kom El-Hetan, a few hundred metres to the north of Medinet Habu and almost directly across the Nile from Luxor temple, is the site of Amenophis III’s mortuary temple. In its day this was the greatest temple built on the Theban west bank. Unfortunately, virtually nothing remains of this once great edifice beyond the two immense "Colossi of Memnon" which stood before its entrance.

These great sandstone statues of Amenophis III flanked by small figures of his mother and his wife Tiye are nealy 18 m (59 ft) high and were famous in antiquity not only for their size but, following an earthquake in 27 BC, for the bell-like stone which was emitted by the expanding stone of the northern figure at sunrise. Greek travelers thus equated the figure with Memnon, the son of Aurora, the goddess of the dawn, but repairs to the statue in the reign of the Roman emperor Septimius Severus silenced the sound forever. The stone for the colossi is believed to have been quarried at Gebel Ahmar, near modern Cairo.

Behind these behemoths were two great courts with other colossal seated statues – perhaps, as Betsy Bryan has suggested, the largest sculptural programme in history. Eventually also a long processional way similar to that to that built by the king in Luxor Temple stretched from the innermost pylons to a large peristyle solar court. A huge quartzite stela which has been re-erected here was probably one of a pair set up at the entrance to the court, describing Amenophis’ building accomplishments. Many of the columns bases of the solar court are also still in place, though overgrown, along with fragments of colossal standing statues of the king which once stood in this part of the temple. Some of the colossi bases at this site have important lists of foreign place names, for instance there is one with those of distant regions, including the Aegean.

A small, separate limestone temple to Ptah-Sokar-Osiris stood in the northern part of the huge compound with its own gateway flanked by two quartzite standing statues of the king. The complex was so thoroughly raided of its stone that little more is known of the other features of this great temple, however.

The temple’s location on the flood plain was interesting and apparently unique. The ground level of the temple was low and the structure was purposely built so that the annual inundation of the Nile flooded its outer courts and halls, perhaps leaving only the inner sanctuary area – which stood on a low knoll – above water level. The whole temple thus symbolized, as the waters retreated, the emergence of the world from the primeval waters of creation.

 
 
 
The Karnak Temple has stood for over 4,000 years, inviting pilgrims and travelers to explore her ancient mysteries and commune with spirits of the past.
 
Temple of Karnak
 
The temple of Karnak was known as Ipet-isut (most select of places) by the ancient Egyptians. It is a city of temples built over 2000 years and dedicated to the Theben triad of Amun, Mut and Khonsu.
 
This derelict place is still capable of overshadowing many of the wonders of the modern world, and in its day must have been awe inspiring. For the largely uneducated ancient Egyptian population this could only have been the place of the gods. It is the mother of all religious buildings, the largest ever made, and a place of pilgrimage for nearly 4,000 years. Although, today's pilgrims are mainly tourists.
 
It covers about 200 acres - 1.5 km by 0.8 km. The area of the sacred enclosure of Amun alone is 61 acres, and would hold ten average-sized European cathedrals.
 
The Home of Amun
 
Karnak Temple is the home of the god Amun who was an insignificant local god until the 12th dynasty when Thebes became the capital of Egypt. He was represented in his original state as a goose and later as a ram, at the height of his power he was shown as a human with a head dress of feathers - all that remained of the goose.
 
In ancient times wars were not fought between countries but were considered as contests between gods. One deity subduing and replacing another, the victorious god and its people growing in strength. This is how Amun, with the help of Thutmose III and various other New Kingdom kings, rose to become the first supreme god of the known world and was hailed as God of gods.
 
Little is known of him, unlike most other gods he has no legends or miracles to impress his worshippers and seems to be closer to an abstract idea of a godhead. His followers came from all the strata of society and he was known to some as 'Vizier of the poor.'
 
The Sacred Lake
 
All ancient Egyptian temples had a sacred lake, Karnak's is the largest. It was used during festivals when images of the gods would sail across it on golden barges.
 
The water supply to the Sacred Lake, which symbolized the primeval ocean Nun, comes directly from the Nile. Next to the lake is a small café where you can pit stop in the shade and fantasize about the temple in its golden ages.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
The Hypostyle Hall
 
The Hypostyle hall in the Karnak Temple, at 54,000 square feet, and with its 134 columns (the tallest of the 134 columns reaches a height of 23 meters) is still the largest room of any religious building in the world. In this enormous forest of columns you get a genuine feeling of the wealth of the New Kingdom and of the importance of Amun as the State-God.
 

 

For those who like museums but find large collections such as that of the Egyptian Museum in Cairo both bewildering and tiring then Luxor Museum of Ancient Egyptian Art is the place to see. The museum was opened in 1975 and contains a modest collection of the highest quality artworks dating from the Predynastic Period right through to the Islamic era. The modern building is extremely spacious with plenty of room to move around and view beautifully displayed objects and sculpture in peaceful low-lit surroundings. The perfect place to spend a hot morning in Luxor.

Luxor Museum of Ancient Egyptian Art is on the Corniche located between the Karnak and Luxor temples, a few hundred metres north of the tourist bazaar and El Luxor Hotel (Ex.Mercure Etab).

Luxor Museum has small but exquisite collections of pottery, jewellery, furniture, statues and stelae from the Theban temples and necropolis.

The museum is built on two levels with a ramp leading from the ground floor to the upper floor and contains artefacts from around the Theban area. Many of the free-standing granite statues depict kings, queens, and high-status officials who left their images in the Theban temples. Tutankhamun of course is well-represented by some of the objects from his tomb in the Valley of the Kings which are not currently on display in the Cairo Museum. Included among these is the famous majestic head of a cow goddess, of resin and gilded wood, which is one of the first items the visitor will see when entering the museum. There are exhibits of funerary stelae, offering tables, papyri, tomb furniture, a cartonage mummy-case and many small statuettes and shabtis. In glass cases in the centre of the upper floor are smaller objects such as jewellery, funerary and ritual items and artefacts from daily life.

Among the most striking items displayed at Luxor Museum are those from the tomb of Tutankhamun, including the cow-goddess head and his funerary boats. Other interesting pieces are the statue of Tuthmosis III (circa 1436 BC) and 283 sandstone blocks from the Karnak Temple. The mummies of Pharaohs Ahmose I and Rameses I are also on display. Luxor Museum is open daily from 9.00am to 1.00pm and 4.00pm to 9.00pm in winter. Hours may change in summer. 

 
 
 
The Queen Hatshepsut Temple honors the longest living female Pharaoh of Egypt. Well preserved and definitely worth seeing for anyone who loves Egyptian history.
 
Hatshepsut of Ancient Egypt
 
Hatshepsut was the fifth pharaoh of the eighteenth dynasty in Ancient Egypt. She was one of the country’s most successful pharaohs and certainly the longest-reigning indigenous woman in Egyptian’s history. 
 
Queen Hatshepsut was not the first woman in Egypt to rule over the people; Queen Sobekneferu preceded her, as did Merneith of the first dynasty. Other notable names of female pharaohs that are still being studied today include Nimaethap, Nefertiti, Neferneferuaten, and Twosret. (You must also consider non-indigenous Egyptian dynasties, such as pharaoh Cleopatra). 
 
However, it should be noted that Hatshepsut's reign was a long and prosperous one. Though she saw warfare early on, eventually her reign ushered in an era of extended piece. She also re-established trading relationships and increased the wealth of Egypt, allowing the country to introduce a higher caliber of Egyptian architecture, the likes of which remained incomparable worldwide for hundreds of years.
 
The Queen Hatshepsut Temple is still standing and is one of the most popular attractions in Egypt today. It is located in Deir el-Bahri, which is a complex of mortuary temples and tombs found on the west bank of the Nile River just across from Luxor. 
 
Djeser-Djeseru
 
 
The Djeser-Djeseru, which means “the Holy of Holies", holds the Queen Hatshepsut Temple. A woman named Senemut created this impressive structure. Senemut was the queen’s royal steward and architect of the temple, and according to some theorists Hatshepsut’s lover. The temple was made for Hatshepsut’s post-death worship as well as for the glory of Amun, the Egyptian God. Djeser-Djeseru is built atop a series of colonnaded terraces accessible by long ramps. It is universally considered one of ancient Egypt’s most “incomparable of monuments”, standing 97 feet tall. 
 
Of course, in today’s time the structure is a giant artifact of what was once a beautiful, extravagantly colored temple with numerous ornaments and gardens. These have worn away through time, though the architecture of the temple remains standing even after thousands of years.
 
 

 

Dendarah is one of the most important temple sites of Egypt and provides examples of a particularly rich variety of later temple features. The area in which the temple is located is that of ancient Iunet or Tantere (Greek Tentyris), a provincial capital and important religious site during several periods of Egyptian history. Early texts refer to a temple at Dendarah which was rebuilt in Old kingdom monarchs, including Tuthmosis III, Amenophis III, and Ramesses II and III are known to have embellished the structure. The temple of Hathor which stands at the site today dates to the Graeco-Roman period, however, and is one of the best-preserved temples of this period in Egypt, surviving despite the destruction of the temples of Hathor’s consort Horus and their child Ihy or Harsomptus which originally stood close by.

Like most Egyptian temples, Dendarah is oriented towards the Nile, but because the Nile bends here, the structure actually faces north, rather than east-west as would normally be the case. The temple area is fronted by several Roman period kiosks and propylon gateway, built during the reigns of Domitian and Trajan, which was set into the massive mud-brick walls which surround the enclosure. Although the site lacks a colonnade and the two pylons which ought to precede the inner temple, an unfinished inner enclosure wall of stone surrounds a courtyard with side entrances which open before the large hypostyle hall added in the 1st century AD by the emperor Tiberius. Unlike those of earlier temples, the façade of this hypostyle is constructed as a low screen with intercolumnar walls exposing the hall’s ceiling and Hathor-featured sistrum-capitals of its 24 columns. Each column beas a four-sided capital carved with the face of the cow-eared goddess, though every one of the faces was vandalized in antiquity. The ceiling of the hall retains much if its original colour, however, and is decorated as a complex and carefully aligned symbolic chart of the heavens, including signs of the zodiac (introduced by the Romans) and images of the sky-goddess Nut who swallows he sun disc each evening in order to give birth to it at dawn.


The great hall leads to a smaller, inner six column hypostyle called the ‘hall of appearances’, as it was here that the statue of the goddess ‘appeared’ from her sanctuary for religious ceremonies and processions. Scenes on the walls of this hall depict the king participating in the foundation ceremonies for the construction of the temple, and on either side doors open into three chambers which were used as preparation areas for various aspects of the daily ritual. An opening through the outer eastern wall allowed offering goods to be brought into this area, and a parallel passage from one of the western chambers led to a well.

The temple’s inner core was constructed by several later Ptolemaic kings – the un-inscribed cartouches of its walls reflecting the often uncertain nature of their reigns. The area includes an offering hall, in which sacrifices were dedicated, and a ‘hall of the ennead’ where the statues of other deities assembled with Hathor before processions began, as well as the sanctuary of the goddess herself. Although empty, decorations on the sanctuary walls suggest it once contained a stone shrine for the statue of Hathor as well as her portable barque. Around the central sanctuary are eleven chapels of the other deities who associated with Hathor at this site, including ones for Hathor’s chief attributes, the sacred sistrum and the menat necklace. A niche in the wall of the chapel directly behind the main sanctuary is sunk into the temple wall at the point where a shrine of the ‘hearing ear’ is located on its outside surface – allowing the goddess to ‘hear’ the prayers directed to her.

A number of crypts where temple treasures were stored are located in the walls and beneath the floors of the chambers in the rear part of the temple. The most important object kept in these crypts was a statue of the ba of Hathor which was taken from its hiding place to the roof of the temple in the important New Year’s festival celebrated at the site. A staircase to the west of the offering hall (with the ascending figures of the king and various priests with the shrine of the goddess carved on its right-hand wall) gave access to the roof of the temple and a chapel, where the goddess stayed overnight before beholding the rising sun in a symbolic union with the solar disc. The stairs to the east of the roof (with corresponding scenes of descending figures) were used for the procession’s return. The roof of the inner temple also has two parallel sets of rooms on its eastern and western sides which functioned as chapels dedicated to the death and resurrection of Osiris, and also contain representations of the goddess Nut and various chthonic deities. One of these chapels contained a zodiac (now in the Louvre and replaced by a copy). The roof of the hypostyle was reached by another flight of steps with various gods carved along its wall, and this highest area of the temple was used in antiquity by pious pilgrims who awaited signs and miracles from the goddess there. Gaming boards carved into the stone blocks helped these faithful pass the time during their vigils.

At the very rear of the temple, beneath the apotropaic lion-headed waterspouts which drained rainwater from the roof, the exterior wall has scenes showing the massive figures of Cleopatra VII and her son by Julius Caeser, Caesarion, who became the great queen’s co-regent as Ptolemy XV. At the centre of the wall, directly behind the sanctuary, is the large false door with a gigantic emblem of Hathor diminished over the centuries by pilgrims who scraped at it to obtain a little of the sacred stone at the point where they could come closest to Hathor herself.

Beyond the stone enclosure wall are the ruins of various outlying buildings of the complex. Moving towards the main temple from the gate and on its western side are the remains of the Roman period birth house built by Augustus shortly after Egypt was added to the Roman Empire. Its scenes depicting Augustu’s later successor Trajan offering to Hathor are among the finest to be found in Egypt. The structure was dedicated to the goddess and her child Ihy, and its birth theme is reflected in the figures of the god Bes (a patron of childbirth) carved on the abaci above the column capitals.

Directly south of this mammisi are the remains of a Christian basilica of the fifth century AD, and an earlier birth house of the 30th dynasty and Ptolemaic period. The latter structure was spilt by the building of the Roman enclosure wall which required the building of the later birth house. Next are the remains of a mud-brick sanatorium, the only one of its type known from Egyptian temples, where visitors could bathe in the sacred waters or spend the night in order to have a healing dream of the goddess.

To the west of the sanatorium, a small 11th dynasty chapel of Nebhepetre Montuhotep once stood, which seems to have been dedicated to the cult of the king rather than that of the goddess Hathor, and as such was probably ancillary to the main Middle Kingdom temple. The chapel was moved in modern times, however, and has been re-erected in the Egyptian museum in Cairo. Further to the south, at the temple’s southwest corner, lies the compound’s sacred lake which provided water for the priests’ ablutions. With flights of stairs descending from each corner, this stone-lined ceremonial basin is the best preserved of its type in any Egyptian temple. Immediately to the south of Hathor’s temple is the Iseum, the temple of the birth of Isis. The plan of this building was uniquely split, with the main part of the structure and its hypostyle hall facing east, but the sanctuary rotated to face north towards the main temple of Hathor. Within the rear wall of the sanctuary a statue of Osiris (now destroyed) was supported by the arms of Isis and Nephthys.

 
 
 
The Valley of the Kings is a breathtaking sight filled with history, mystique and deep reverence. Come experience the power of the ancient kings of Egypt!
 
A Royal Necropolis
 
The desert valley on the west bank of Thebes near Luxor is best known as Valley of the Kings, Egypt. The location was the political and religious capital of the New Kingdom, and was first used as a royal necropolis by Thutmosis I, although it was his predecessor, Amenhotep I, who was considered the patron-god of the valley by the actual builders of the tombs.
 
Two Main Branches
 
The Kings Valley has two main branches: the East Valley, where most of the royal tombs are situated, and the West Valley, which contains only the tombs of Amenhotep III and Ay, and some pits.
 
Tombs of the New Kingdom
 
The tombs of most of the New Kingdom kings have been discovered over the years; some were already open to public during the Greek-Roman era, others have only recently been unearthed.
 
All of the tombs have fallen victim to one or several visits by tomb robbers, even the famous tomb of Tutankhamun that was discovered almost intact in 1922 by Howard Carter.
 
Finding and Saving the Mummies
 
In an effort to save the royal mummies of these attractions from destruction, and to salvage the remaining treasures of the royal tombs, the priests of the end of the 20th and the 21st Dynasty opened the tombs, collected the mummies and buried them in two or more "caches".
 
The first "cache" was a rock tomb high up in the mountains of Deir el-Bahri that was probably intended as the family tomb of the 21st Dynasty king-priests. The second "cache" was the tomb of 18th Dynasty king Amenhotep II.
 
Not every royal mummy of the New Kingdom has been found, so there is room for the hypothesis that there may have been a third "cache" which has not yet been identified as such or which has not yet been discovered.
 
The only royal mummies to have been found in their own tombs were those of Amenhotep II, who was re-buried in his own tomb by the 21st Dynasty priests, and Tutankhamun, whose tomb lay undisturbed from the middle of the 20th Dynasty.
Related tours
 
 

 

Esna is built in the area of ancient Latopolis and is the first site of a major surviving temple south (55 km, 34 miles) of Luxor. Its Egyptian name was Iunyt or Ta-senet (from which the Coptic Sne and Arabic Isna). The temple, which now stands in the middle of the modern town, some 9 m (29 ft 6 in) below the level of the surrounding buildings, dates to Ptolemaic and Roman times and is one of the latest constructed in Egypt. it was dedicated to Khnum and several other deities, the most prominent being Neith and Heka (whose name means ‘magic’). Only the hypostyle hall has survived, but this is well preserved. The back wall is the oldest part of the building, being the façade of the old Ptolemaic temple, with reliefs of Ptolemy VI and VIII. To this the Romans added the present structures which has decoration dating all the way to the 3rd century AD. The roof of the hall is supported by tall columns with composite floral capitals of varied design, and the façade of this hypostyle is in the form of an intercolumnar screen wall similar to those of the temples of Dendarah and Edfu, which this structure probably resembled in its original complete state.

The decoration and inscriptions of Esna temple are often well executed, and some are of particular interest. The scene depicting the king netting wildfowl (representing inimical spirits) on the north wall continues ancient Egyptian themes, but other representations – such as that on a column at the rear of the hall to the right showing the king offering a laurel wreath to the gods – are of decidedly late character. Some of this temple’s texts are also of interest – including a full coverage of the sacred calendar and a pair of cryptographic hymns to Khnum, one written almost entirely with hieroglyphics of rams and the other written with crocodiles. These are inside the front corners of the hall, next to the small doors which were used by the priests to enter and exit the temple. The whole structure is extremely regular in design, its symmetry being broken only by a small engaged chamber – perhaps a taken room for the priests – on the southern side of the entrance, a feature also found at Edfu. The temple was originally linked by a ceremonial way to the Nile, where its ancient quay (with cartouches of Marcus Aurelius) may still be seen. 

 
 
 
 
The Valley of the Queens stands as a dedication to the powerful female rulers of ancient Egypt and preserves their glory and majesty for visitors today.
 
What is it?
 
The Queens Valley, is located near Luxor in Egypt and complements the Valley of the Kings, in that it is the burial place of the wives of Pharaoh. 
 
Ta-Set-Neferu
 
In ancient days, this valley was called Ta-Set-Neferu, which literally means “the place of the Children of the Pharaoh.” This is because queens of the Pharaoh, as well as princes, princesses and other members of royal families were buried together. This was mostly practiced between the 18th and 20th Dynasties. The tombs of the dead were to be maintained by mortuary priests that would attend to the bodies on a daily basis and also offer prayers for the deceased.
 
The West Bank of the Nile
 
Like the Valley of the Kings, Valley of the Queens is located on the west bank of the Nile across from Ancient Thebes, or what is more commonly known today as Luxor. Why was this area chosen as an eternal resting place for the Pharaoh’s most beloved? Probably because it was close to the capital of Egypt, even though it was an isolated area in its own right. Pharaohs of the 18th Dynasty forgo the designs of traditional pyramids because of the threat of tomb robbers. Instead, they felt a rock-cut tomb would be a safer place for burial. 
 
The Theban Necropolis holds over 70 tombs, many of which were once stylish and luxuriously ornamented. Some of these tombs have endured through time, for instance, Queen Nefertari of the 19th Dynasty, which still boasts some sculptures made of polychrome. 
 
Who are buried in Queens Valley?
 
Who are some of the Egyptian wives, sons and daughters buried in Queens Valley? Among many others, there is Princess Tanedjmet, princesses Merytre and Wermeryotes, Queen Sitre, the wife of Ramesses I, Pa-ra-her-unemef, the son of Ramesses III, Imhotep, the vizier under Thutmose I and Queen Henuttawy. 
 
There are also numerous fragments of burial equipment located in the valley, which leads historians to believe that many others may have been buried in the tombs besides those we already know. For example, the name of the King's Great Wife Nebetnehat of the 18th Dynasty was enclosed in a cartouche on some surviving fragments. The Tomb of Queent Titi (the 52nd tomb) is particularly interesting, as she is shown with youthful side locks and in the presence of Gods Thoth, Atum, Isis and Nephthys. The same queen is also shown making offerings to Hathor, Osiris and Selquit.
 
 
 
 
The Edfu Temple is the second largest of its kind in Egypt, today and offers visitors an amazing look at ancient Egyptian life and death, as well as the guiding religion of the time.
 
Edfu and the Temple
 
The Edfu Temple is located in the Egyptian town of Edfu. It is located in the region of Upper Egypt just south of Luxor and Esna. Like its neighboring town Kom Ombo, it is a town best known for its agriculture, sugar cane and pottery. 
 
The Temple of Edfu is an ancient Egyptian temple and is the second largest in the entire country. The temple was dedicated to the falcon god Horus and built during the Ptolemaic Dynasty. The construction length was estimated to be between 237 and 57 BC. 
 
Centuries of Destruction
 
Egyptians eventually ceased using the Edfu Temple for religious purposes. This was mainly because Theodosius I banned non-Christian worship in the Roman Empire in 391 BX. Many of the sculptured artifacts were eventually destroyed or disfigured by Roman Christians who took control of Egypt. In fact, you can see visible evidence of this destruction in the blackened ceiling of the hypostyle hall, which is believed to have been an ancient example of arson attempting to destroy any signs of paganism. 
 
Early Christians weren’t the only ones that damaged the Edfu Temple - the Nile River itself also contributed to its changing features. 
 
Because of heavy sands and layers of silt, the temple was eventually buried to a depth of 39 ft. Homes were built over the grounds, and the temple had to be re-identified. Later, a new sand-freeing project developed which re-introduced the Edfu Temple to the world.
 
One of the Best Preserved Temples
 
Today the Edfu Temple is still intact and definitely one of the best-preserved sites in all of Egypt. You can thank all that sand for covering up and preserving this monument! 
 
Some memorable features of the temple include the inscriptions on its walls as well as the entrance to the temple, which is by way of a massive pylon, measuring 36 meters high. The pylon is also decorated with various reliefs, or sculptures, depicting Ptolemy XII conquering his enemies. Also look for twin granite falcons, larger than life, guarding the gateway to the temple.
 
If you’re traveling to Luxor don’t forget to visit Edfu, specifically the temple of Edfu. 
 
The exhibit is open all year round, though it stays open an extra hour in the summer and fall season. There is also a visitor center and paved car park for the comfort of tourists. Remember that the Edfu Temple is a common stop for Nile River Cruises. Chances are if you’re in Egypt seeing the most important sites, you will not miss this awe-inspiring landmark.